Comenius 2008-2010 Multilateral Project

This site is an outcome of the Comenius 2008-2010 multilateral project "European Journey Through Legends".


"Becoming more European does not mean forgetting our national cultural heritage, but sharing it with other European nation".

The Legend of Romanian Tricolour

Short  Romania's History

Romanians  have  lived for 2 mileniums in 3 diferent lands/countries, but they were unified through the ortodox faith, which has created an unique language and also an unitary tradition, and after all an unitary state.

The 3 Historical Romanian Provinces: Transilvania, Moldova and Wallachia




The Great Union of Michael the Brave 1600


The Great Union Of Moldavia and Valachia Alexandru Ioan Cuza – 1859, January 24th




December 1st  - Romanias National Day



Romania, nowadays





Saint Andrew – The Patron of Romanians


St. Andrew


On November 30th Romanians celebrate Saint Andrew (Andrei) – who is considered the protector of Romania. Saint Andrew is known as the one who Christianized  our  ancestors. In the evening of St. Andrew’s Day  all the family members put some grain seeds to germinate. 


St. Andrew's green grains


The plants which grow the most beautiful and tall it is said  will give its owner a good and a healthy  year. The Day of November  30th is also know as  the Wolf’s Day. Wolves gain more power, and people should protect their animals and homes with garlic. The night of November 30th is a special night. The witches  pick the magic plants for their future spells. 





The legend of Romanian Flag




Liberty = sky blue
Justice = field yellow
Fraternity = blood red


1. Merger Legend

After 1860, a legend arose stating that the national tricolor had been formed by merging the colours of the Moldavian and Wallachian flags, probably out of a desire to reconcile all parties to the fact that the Wallachian revolutionary flag of 1848 had been chosen for all of Romania.

This legend was also convenient with respect to the colours attributed to the two principalities’ flags at the time (red and blue for Moldavia and blue and yellow for Wallachia).


Constantin Lecca - Moldavians and Muntenians become brothers


Another painting of Lecca shows the assassination of Michael the Brave in 1601. Also depicted is the united standard of the three provinces, with yellow on top (Wallachia), red in the middle (Moldavia) and blue below (Transylvania).






2. The Story of Romanian Tricolour


In 1821, when the revolutionary leader Tudor Vladimirescu called all the brave warriors to fight for freedom, a man, named Dragomir joined them. 

Tudor Vladimirescu


He had 3 daughters, who gave him 3 handkerchiefs: one yellow, one blue and one white. The white one was from the younger daughter, and Dragomir kept this one close to his heart. One day, Dragomir was severely injured in the battle. The white handkerchief became red because of his blood. He died, and his colleagues found his 3 handkerchiefs: one red, one yellow, and one blue. Those brave warriors took the 3 handkerchiefs and put them like a flag on a stick - in the honour of Dragomir. They fought for the Independence and for the Union of Romanians under the three colours of the flag - which became the Romanian National Flag.






Romanian  Flag  before  1989



Romanian  Flag  in December 1989



Romanian  Flag  - nowaday



DOODLE* – for Romanian National Day December 1st 2009

The search engine Google has had several logos. Some special logos have become known as Google Doodles.


The  National Tricolour's Day is celebrate in Romania on June 26th.


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